Islamic Political Economy: A Special Reference to the Use of Tahaluf Siyasi in the State of Kelantan, Malaysia
Muhammad Syukri Salleh, Mohd Syakir Bin Mohd Rosdi

Abstract
This paper basically attempts to strengthen Islamic economics with special reference to economic development. It begins with a simple question, that is can an economic development operates without taking into account politics? The answer could be obviously cannot, but many of the existing literatures on economic development seems to leave aside the question of politics. However, when politics were to be taken into consideration in Islamic economic development, what would be the discipline that suits the endeavor? This paper intends to venture into a relatively new discipline called Islamic political economy that analyses the influence of politics on economic development and the economic development on politics. By referring to some selected experience of the Pan- Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)-ruled State of Kelantan in Malaysia, this paper then observes the role of tahaluf siyasi (political negotiations) – the main element in Islamic political economy – in realizing Islamic economic development in the midst of the Malaysian capitalistic development approach. The end result would be a conclusion on the state of the relevancy of the Islamic political economy, particularly the tahaluf siyasi, to economic development as well as how it could strengthen Islamic economics as a whole.

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