Effect of Leaf Crude Extracts of Tarchonanthus Camphoratus (Asteraceae), Acalypha Fruticosa (Fabacea) and Tagetes Minuta (Asteraceae) on Fecundity of Phlebotomus Duboscqi
Mong’are samuel; Ng’ang’a Zipporah; Maranga Rosebella; Osiemo Zipporah; Ngure Peter; Ngumbi Philip; Tonui Willy

Abstract
Purpose: This study was carried out to find out the effects of Tarchonanthus Camphoratus (Asteraceae), Acalypha fruticosa (Fabacea) and Tagetes minuta (Asteraceae) crude extracts on the fecundity of P. duboscqi.
Materials and Methods: The extracts were prepared from the dried aerial parts of T. camphoratus, A. fruticosa, and T. minuta. Ten female sand flies were aspirated into vials where they were fed on a mixture of the plant extracts and sucrose solution prepared in a ratio of 1:1.
Results: These crude plant extracts were found to reduce the fecundity of P. duboscqi significantly (P< 0.05). The extracts were found to reduce the fecundity of P. duboscqi by 73% (A. fruticosa), 53% (T. minuta) and 26% (T. camphoratus) (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: The higher level of A. fruticosa, T. minuta and T. camphoratus activities would potentially reduce the population of sand flies. This study has provided proof of the effects of these medicinal plants on the vectorial capacity of sand flies.

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