Nigeria’s Universal Basic Education (U.B.E.) Policy: A Sociological Analysis
Etuk, Grace Reuben; Ering, Simon Odey; Ajake, Uchenna Egodi

Abstract
Nigeria’s education policy is one of the social policies of government used in strengthening and improving the wellbeing of her citizens. Since after independence in 1960, successive governments have not relented in efforts to improve the quality of the nation’s education system via education policies. This is evident in the most recent national policy on educational of 2004, which is just an improvement upon that of 1998. A look at the current educational policy shows that it covers the following areas; pre-primary education, primary education, secondary education, tertiary education, mass literacy, adult and non-formal education, special education, educational services as well as financing administration, and supervision of education. A special feature of this current educational policy is however the modification of the 6-3-3-4 system of education into a 9-3-4 system and the Universal Basic Education, which caters for educational needs of individual within the first 9 years. This paper is a descriptive research that attempts to critically analyze from a Sociological perspective, the Universal Basic Education (UBE) aspect of the reviewed Nigeria’s Policy on Education of 2004.

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