Gender and the Urban Environment: Analysis of Willingness to pay for Waste Management Disposal in Ekiti-State, Nigeria
Adebo G.M., O.C. Ajewole.

Abstract
The paper examined the factors that might influence willingness-to-pay for waste disposal among male and female gender in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Information on willingness-to-pay, socioeconomic characteristics, and gender division of household’s responsibility in the State were sought from 160 respondents randomly selected at 3-5 male –female ratio. Probit regression analysis was used to determine the dominant factors that might influence willingness-to-pay for waste disposal. The results showed that willingness-to-pay for waste disposal was significantly affected by gender; nature of primary occupation; marital status; level of education and average monthly income. However, family size, household headship and nearness to dump site all have a negative relationship with willingness to pay for waste disposal in Ekiti State. Thus, married female gender, having good occupation with a higher level of education and income tend to express willingness to pay for waste disposal in Ekiti State than other counterparts. However poverty as manifested in large family size, headship of households and nearness to dump site reduces the willingness to pay for waste disposal in the State. Awareness campaign on the need for effective waste disposal in the State should be mounted while the males should be encouraged to pay for waste disposal as they earn more income than the female respondents. Females should be encouraged to participate in adult literacy programmes and income generating activities to improve their level of education, income as well as the sensitivity to maintain a clean environment

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