Multidimensional Poverty in Pastoral Area: The Case of Somali and Afar Regional States, Ethiopia
Kedir Jemal, Belaineh Legesse, Jema Haji, Mengistu Ketema

The purpose of this paper is to measure multidimensional poverty in pastoral areas of Ethiopia. It employed both primary and secondary data. The community level primary data was collected using focus group discussion. Secondary data was obtained from Living Standard Measurement Survey of Ethiopia, 2015. Mixed method research was employed to better understand multidimensional poverty. The qualitative result indicated that many groups expressed poverty manifests as loss of livestock’s, lack of food, lack of water, lack of schooling and health services. The quantitative result confirmed that there is positive correlation among the three poverty dimension, implying multidimensional hypothesis is accepted. The poverty measure indicated 44% of the sample household found to be poor in two dimensions and 37% poor in one dimension and 8% were found to be poor in three dimensions. The results from mixed approach converge indicating that poverty is multidimensional in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas.

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